sunnylength  
I Dig Culture, where people gather to learn about each other's cultures.

1-facebook 2-twitter 4-youtube 5-google 6-soundcloud 7-instagram
Asia
beautifulwin 0

The Love That Some Love to Hate: Aegyo

Does this warm your heart? Or make you sick to your stomach?

aegyo (애교) /āgyō/ (noun): The act of being overly cute [1]

Several Korean friends have asked me how one might translate aegyo into English, and I have never been able to give them a satisfactory one-word response. The easy answer is “cuteness,” but this barely scratches the surface of the complex expression of childish charm and effeminate grace that aegyo actually constitutes. The closest single word to aegyo comprehensible to the average English speaker seems not to be homegrown English at all, but a loan word from Japanese: kawaii, literally 可爱, able to be loved. For many, “kawaii,” unlike simply “cute” or “adorable,” may bring to mind images of pigtailed girls holding up double V signs and grinning like Cheshire cats. This at least more accurately expresses the negative side of aegyo so often reviled by foreigner and Korean alike than does the concept “cute,” but the hitch here is that aegyo is most properly understood as a noun, while 可爱 is usually an adjective in both Japanese and Chinese.

Even though the concept is hard to cleanly translate into English, it can still be understood in its own right through an examination of its composition and usage. The first character ae (爱) means “love,” while the second character gyo (娇) can be applied to a number of concepts, including “beautiful and adorable,” “pamper with affection,” and “precious.” [2]Some semantic mix of “loving” and “precious” might indeed be a correct first step to understanding this term, as a Korean blog [3] and Urban Dictionary [4] alike describe the concept as “a manner of speech or behavior that elicits the favorable interest of others“ and “winsome… ‘generally pleasing and engaging often because of a childlike charm and innocence,’” respectively. The origin of the Korean compound word aegyo is unclear, at least to me, but according to the Chinese Wikipedia Băidù Băikē (百度百科), an early mention of the term is found in a 1932 Chinese work by fiction writer Máo Dùn (茅盾, meaning “contradiction,” the pen name of Shĕn Déhóng 沈德鴻) 《字夜(Zì Yè)》 [5] in which a character’s grandmother is described as having “a gaze still so full of radiance and lively movement, each glance shining with infinite wisdom, infinite aegyo.” [6] So it seems that in 1932, at least the Chinese understanding of aegyo justified its use to describe the radiant wisdom of an elder woman, hardly the cutesy affectation with which we might associate it today.

Aegyo is generally understood to be most appropriately expressed by females. Females delicately covering their teeth while they laugh [7]. Females praising their male friends in elaborate language for performing an act that they are seemingly too helpless to do themselves, like opening a soda can [3]. Females with pouting lips and impossibly wide eyes snapping selfies in the coffee shop. And, of course, females begging their oppas for ice cream [8]. Girls, however, hardly have a monopoly on this trait.  Males can and do use it too, and while they generally confine their expressions of aegyo to baby-talk with significant others, a close Korean friend once informed me that she has met a number of Korean males who use aegyo in other contexts as well. Some, she reported, even go as far as to pronounce the conjunction go (고) as the more childish and presumably more endearing gu (구) (a behavior usually restricted to female speech patterns) and reference older female friends as eonni (언니), the Korean title for “big sister” used between females, instead of the ostensibly more gender-appropriate nuna (누나) expected to be used by males (funnily enough, I encountered my first such male on the subway not four hours after this conversation; talk about our propensity to filter out what we do not fully understand). Not only is aegyo not gender-specific, but it is apparently also not the exclusive purview of humans. Type the search term into Naver.com and be prepared for a barrage of puppies [9], kittens [10], rabbits [11], and, my personal favorite, a group of curious wild seals [12] declared to epitomize the elusive trait.

Multiple online sources, foreign and Korean alike, make a distinction between “natural” and “fake” aegyo, with the implication that the latter is somehow less praiseworthy than the former. While I will not deny that aegyo, like any behavioral expression that may call extra attention to oneself, can be abused with an intent to manipulate, the black-and-white distinction between “real” and “fake” aegyo and their respective associations with “good” and “evil” is precisely the kind of misunderstanding that I hope to correct. For even though aegyo can be unnatural and affected, it can still express genuinely benevolent intentions. In other words, not all so-called “fake” aegyo is “bad” aegyo.

As an example, every night my roommate comes home from her office job she walks past my room and emits a high-pitched “Kaelli an-NYEONG!” while striking an extravagant girlish pose that all but beams unicorns and rainbows into the rose-scented air around her. At first, I tended to feel perplexed, and then ever-so-slightly miffed, at this action, for I felt that she was greeting me as though she would a child or house pet rather than the self-aware human adult that I consider myself to be. And, according to some written and filmed material on Korean aegyo, I might have been justified in my frustration. My roommate’s behavior took calculation and effort, and was therefore, affected, artificial—the sort of fake aegyo that others might teach us to revile or mock. But isn’t the calculated effort behind this aegyo its very purpose in our interaction? Even after a grueling twelve-to-fifteen-hour day at the office, my roommate musters up the thought and energy to slip on an exaggerated smile and crow a happy greeting into my room. Should it really matter that this thoughtfulness happens to take the shape of a cloying, childish, fake manner that, all told, probably results more from her natural absorption of the images with which she is daily presented in the media than from any malicious desire to put on a manipulative one-woman show? Her nightly performance is the epitome of so-called “fakeaegyo,” and yet one would not be justified in condemning her for it.

I Dig Culture’s raison d’être is to bring diverse people together in mutual understanding. As such, we do not stop at attempting simply to purvey a body of objective knowledge about various cultures, which may be perniciously interpreted in ways counter to our final goal of human connection. Instead, we strive in addition to unpack and underscore the mutually intelligible logic that stands behind the wildly different cultural practices on which we report. In this way, we hope to provide evidence for our shared humanity rather than just create a spectacle of our surface differences.

We hope that our treatment of the Korean concept aegyo (爱娇) is no exception. As a type of behavior that might stand counter to standards of mature social intercourse in some other countries, it serves as an apt example of a cultural phenomenon that can be, and often is, misunderstood and/or interpreted in an unnecessarily negative light. We hope, therefore, to provide a more positive spin on aegyo, one that highlights the rational and universally comprehensible motivations behind its practice in Korean society.

So we may have a love-hate relationship with aegyo, one that might weigh more heavily toward the latter in the case of those for whom aegyo is an ambiguous and foreign concept. However, as with any human behavior, especially one that might stray so far from one’s own approach to social interaction, it is important to grant others the benefit of the doubt. So whether it is wrapped up in the endearing smile of a shy male friend or a girl in combat boots and a leather miniskirt who drops her cigarette and bottle of soju to emit porcine squeals at her approaching oppa, let’s not forget that an important component of aegyo is 爱, the elicitation and expression of love, an emotion that we can all understand and share.

What do you think about this?
  • I Dig That ツ (12)
  • Agree (5)
  • Disagree (1)
  • Pissed my pants (1)
  • Useful (2)
  • Boring (0)
  • Questionable (1)
  • WTF (2)

Written by 桑凯丽

桑凯丽 is a graduate student in Seoul researching the relationship between traumatic brain injury and addiction and exploring possible evidence-based applications of traditional Korean medicine to the treatment of affective disorders. She believes that a thorough understanding of the brain requires as much knowledge of culture as a thorough understanding of culture requires of the brain.

There are 0 comments

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put, Thanks a lot.
    prescription drugs without prior prescription
    london drugs canada
    buying prescription drugs canada
    list of approved canadian pharmacies
    pharmacy online – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    canadian pharmacy certified canada pharmacy online Hok d0e466_

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Factor well regarded!.
    drugs from canada
    canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy no prescription
    pharmacy online
    aarp recommended canadian pharmacies – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    buy drugs online Ma 67_f71d

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Seriously all kinds of helpful tips!
    no 1 canadian pharcharmy online
    canada pharmacy online
    buy prescription drugs without doctor
    online canadian pharmacy
    online pharmacy canada – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    canadian pharmacy without prescription type e5ce507

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Incredible many of fantastic knowledge.
    price prescription drugs
    canadian pharmacy king
    canada rx
    list of approved canadian pharmacies
    buy prescription drugs online – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    onlinecanadianpharmacy.com Done 368428b

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put. Regards.
    online pharmacies
    canadian drug
    cheap prescription drugs online
    meds online without doctor prescription
    pharmacy tech – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    drugs without prescription Caus 428bc9e

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put, Regards!
    viagra canada
    canada pharmacy online
    costco pharmacy pricing
    canadian pharmacies
    safe canadian online pharmacies – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    best canadian online pharmacy Ml f253684

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Incredible loads of great advice!
    trust pharmacy canada
    ed meds online without doctor prescription
    mexican pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy
    canadian pharcharmy – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    drug costs St dd0e466

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Kudos. Loads of facts!

    meds online without doctor prescription
    canadian viagra
    mail order pharmacy
    london drugs canada
    drugs from canada online – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    canadian rx ei 0fd3dd0

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You revealed this fantastically!
    canadian pharmacy uk delivery
    online pharmacies
    aarp approved canadian online pharmacies
    london drugs canada
    canada pharmacies prescription drugs – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    buying prescription drugs canada el 1_f71d9

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put, Kudos!
    best online pharmacy stores
    canadian pharmaceuticals online reviews
    pharmacies near me
    canadian pharmacy drugs online
    mexican pharmacy online medications – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    canadian pharmacy world Fef 5368428

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thank you, A good amount of material!

    canadian pharmacies that are legit
    canadian pharcharmy
    canada online pharmacies
    online pharmacy
    mexican pharmacies online – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    approved canadian pharmacies online Hom e461_f7

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Regards, Great stuff.
    canadian drugstore
    canadian pharcharmy
    prescription without a doctor’s prescription
    best 10 online canadian pharmacies
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    canadian pharmacies that ship to us Mt 8bc9e5c

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You have made your point!
    canada meds
    london drugs canada
    canadian pharmacy world
    canadianpharmacy
    compare prescription prices – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    pharmacy online mexico sah 28bc9e5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Many thanks, I like it!
    canada pharmacies without script
    northwest pharmacy/com
    canada medication pharmacy
    canadian pharmacy king
    canada pharmacies online – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    canadian pharcharmy FER 28bc9e5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Whoa many of awesome material.
    best online pharmacies canada
    approved canadian online pharmacies
    buy prescription drugs online
    order prescriptions online without doctor
    online canadian pharmacy – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    canadian pharmacy viagra Gus e5ce507

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Point certainly taken!.
    canadian meds
    canadian pharmacies without an rx
    buy cialis
    canadian pharmaceuticals online
    approved canadian pharmacies online – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    canadadrugs.com pharmacy jef d0e463_

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Terrific write ups. Thanks a lot!
    canadian pharmacies online prescriptions
    canadian pharmacy drugs online
    prescription drugs canada
    london drugs canada
    canada drugs direct – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    no prior prescription required pharmacy gab e465_f7

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thank you, Ample advice.

    overseas pharmacy forum
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate by aarp
    canada pharmacy no prescription
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate
    online canadian pharmacy – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    online pharmacies func 2536842

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You made your point!
    buy drugs online
    canadian online pharmacy
    best canadian pharmacies
    list of approved canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy reviews – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    pharmacy cost comparison Keva ce5074f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You actually mentioned it well.
    canadian drug
    canadian online pharmacies
    prescription drugs without prior prescription
    canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    prescription pricing jig 9e5ce50

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Truly plenty of amazing knowledge.
    medication costs
    canadian pharmacy king
    pharmacy without dr prescriptions
    canada viagra
    buy prescription drugs canada – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    prescription drugs without doctor approval Anef 64_f71d

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Amazing all kinds of valuable data!
    drugs for sale
    pharmacy northwest canada
    london drugs canada
    canadian drug store
    canadian pharmacy online canada – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    mail order pharmacy kl 4fa0fd3

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    With thanks, Excellent information.
    online rx pharmacy
    approved canadian online pharmacies
    international drug mart canadian pharmacy online store
    canadian pharmacy
    meds online – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    prescription drug price comparison Pi 5074fa0

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Wonderful postings. Kudos!
    canadapharmacyonline.com
    best 10 online canadian pharmacies
    rx pharmacy
    online pharmacy
    online drugstore – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    northwest pharmaceuticals canada sake ce5074f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Amazing material. Thank you.
    aarp recommended canadian pharmacies
    top rated canadian pharmacies online
    canadian drugstore online
    online pharmacies
    canadian drug stores online – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    pharmacy drug store Oi c9e5ce5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You stated it perfectly.
    drugs for sale
    canadian pharmacy king
    pharmacies in canada
    canadian pharmacy king
    drugs from canada online – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    online pharmacy oi 28bc9e5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Amazing stuff, Kudos!
    canada pharmacy online no script
    canadian viagra
    discount pharmacy online
    canada pharmaceuticals online
    pharmacy on line – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    northwest pharmaceuticals canada Kn ce5074f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Helpful forum posts. Thank you!
    london drugs canada
    canadian pharcharmy
    canadadrugs
    canadian online pharmacies
    top rated canadian pharmacies online – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    pharmacy online store tefe 074fa0f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Very good tips. Thanks a lot.
    drugs from canada with prescription
    canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharcharmy onlinecanadian online pharmacy
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate by aarp
    price prescription drugs – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    pharmacy on line nus 5074fa0

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thanks a lot. Ample write ups!

    canadian online pharmacies prescription drugs
    canadian pharcharmy
    best online pharmacy stores
    online canadian pharmacy
    prescription drug price comparison – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    pharmacy prices mamp c9e5ce5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    This is nicely put. .
    overseas pharmacies
    canadian pharmacies online
    canada pharma limited
    online canadian pharmacy
    international pharmacies that ship to the usa – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    safeway pharmacy sest 68428bc

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You’ve made your point.
    canadian rx
    canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy drugs online
    online pharmacies of canada
    canada medication pharmacy – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    canada prescriptions drugs Lexy 3dd0e46

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Appreciate it. A lot of postings.

    canadian online pharmacies
    online pharmacies
    highest rated canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy
    canada pharmacy – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    canada meds laP 2536842

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Great information, Many thanks.
    drugs online
    canadian online pharmacy
    prescription drugs canada
    list of legitimate canadian pharmacies
    medication costs – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    canadian pharmacies-247 zew fa0fd3d

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Incredible a lot of awesome info.
    buy prescription drugs without doctor
    canadian pharmacy
    prescription drug cost
    canadian pharmaceuticals online reviews
    canada drugs direct – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    canada pharmacies without script cari 68_f71d

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Regards, Lots of material!

    canada pharmacy no prescription
    canadian pharmacy online
    online pharmacies
    pharmacy online
    pharmacy price compare – https://www.canadianonlinepharmacytrust.com/

    pharmacies in canada El 0e463_f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thanks a lot. Ample stuff!

    canadian rx pharmacy online
    canada drugs
    northwestpharmacy
    ed meds online without doctor prescription
    best canadian prescription prices – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    cvs pharmacy online Vak 28bc9e5

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Helpful stuff. Cheers.
    compare prescription prices
    canada pharmaceutical online ordering
    canada pharmacy online no script
    canadian pharmacy drugs online
    prescription drug cost – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    canadian family pharmacy sub ce5074f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Good write ups. Thanks!
    online canadian pharmacies
    canada pharmaceuticals online
    overseas pharmacies
    canadian pharmacies that ship to us
    pharmacy without dr prescriptions – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    canadian drug com 6_f71d9

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    You actually said this adequately.
    no 1 canadian pharcharmy online
    canada pharmacy
    top rated canadian pharmacies online
    canadian pharmacies
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate by aarp – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    best canadian mail order pharmacies moRp e461_f7

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put. Kudos!
    canadian drug
    canada pharmacy online
    canada drugs
    canadian drug
    canada pharmaceutical online ordering – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    buy drugs online pr 5074fa0

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Whoa many of superb facts.
    buy drugs online
    canadian pharmacy
    prescription drugs canada
    canadian pharmacy world
    canada prescription plus pharmacy – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    northwest pharmacy oi 5ce5074

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Terrific content, Appreciate it.
    mexican pharmacies
    canada drug
    canadian pharmacies online
    canadian online pharmacies legitimate
    online pharmacy canada – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    king pharmacy Bes f253684

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thanks a lot! Plenty of knowledge.

    pharmacy near me
    online pharmacies
    canadian online pharmacies
    canadian pharmacies
    cialis online – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    canada pharmaceutical online ordering Kn 74fa0fd

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thanks. Very good stuff!
    list of legitimate canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmaceuticals online
    mexican pharmacies online
    canadian drugs
    online drugs – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    cheap canadian drugs Ml 4fa0fd3

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Thanks, I like it!
    canadian viagra
    best 10 online canadian pharmacies
    canada drugs online pharmacy
    london drugs canada
    canadian pharmacy online – http://canadianpharmaceuticalsonlinerx.com/

    online canadian pharmacy Ml 074fa0f

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Nicely put, Kudos!
    rx pharmacy
    canadian online pharmacies
    prescription online
    best 10 online canadian pharmacies
    canadian pharmacy viagra brandcanadian pharmaceuticals online – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    pain meds online without doctor prescription same e465_f7

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Kudos. Awesome information!
    international pharmacy
    londondrugs
    canadian drugstore reviews
    canadian drug
    buy prescription drugs without doctor – http://canadianpharmacyntv.com/

    online drugs boub f253684

  • Charleswealp says:
    Your comment is awaiting moderation. This is a preview, your comment will be visible after it has been approved.

    Whoa plenty of great advice!
    canada pharmacy online orders
    ed meds online without doctor prescription
    cheap drugs online
    canadian pharmacy king
    canadian pharmacy cialis – https://canadianpharmaciescubarx.com/

    canadian drugstore reviews Sn 2_f71d9

  • Leave a comment

    Want to express your opinion?
    Leave a reply!

    Leave a Reply

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *